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The Darfur Conflict From the Perspective of the Rebel Justice and Equality Movement (January 2009)


This study critically explores the aims and perspectives of the Justice and Equality Movement, currently the most powerful Darfur rebel movement. The author has used the first-hand information gathered through interviews with the representatives of the rebel movement and additional data about the conflict and the rebels collected through an extensive literature analysis to portray the movement and its aims, perspectives, and plans for the future. Using the grounded theory approach as the data analysis tool, the author has presented key findings about the Darfur conflict from the perspective of the Justice and Equality Movement that have emerged from the data collected in this study. Click here for more info.


Evolution of the Darfur Rebellion–A Revolution in the Making

(October 2008)


This research paper discusses the conflict in Darfur and argues that the changing patterns in the conflict have led the Justice and Equality Movement, one of the two original Darfur rebel movements, to amend its strategies and aims and become a revolutionary movement with a goal to take over power in Sudan and make profound and fundamental changes in the country. The paper shows how the economic, social, and political marginalization of Darfur, together with the political manipulation of racial, ethnic, and tribal roots, led Darfurians to organize and start a rebellion against the central government in 2003. The author discusses how the counter-insurgency by the government forces and militias helped the rebels gain support in Darfur and abroad, as well as the international community’s response to the conflict. The research shows how the patterns in the conflict have changed over time and how the Justice and Equality Movement evolved into a revolutionary movement.


Negotiating Peace in Darfur: Failures and Prospects (May 2008)


This study examines the attempts and approaches to end the conflict in Darfur and evaluates why they have failed so far. The study shows that the 2006 Darfur Peace Agreement (DPA) has failed to bring peace due to the wrong strategies employed by the African Union mediators who wrote the agreement for the parties, while the international community put pressure on the parties to accept the DPA. At the same time, instead of honest negotiations to end the conflict and bring peace to the region, the Sudanese government and the Darfur rebels showed little interest in serious negotiations and viewed the talks in Abuja only as an arena for tactical maneuvering. The paper discusses the aftermath of the DPA, the further fragmentation of the rebel movements, and the failed talks in Libya in October 2007. The author offers suggestions that could help prepare the parties for the next peace talks and bring an agreement acceptable by all sides in the conflict.


Is Peace in Sudan Possible? (October 2007)


This research paper argues that the roots of modern conflicts in Sudan lie in the policies implemented by the British colonial administration between 1899 and 1956. The paper shows that there cannot be peace in Sudan as long as the goal of the Arab dominated government is Islamization and Arabization of the entire country, even the regions with non-Muslim majority. It emphasizes that the discovery of oil in Sudan have intensified the conflict and the lack of unity among the rebels in the south and recently in Darfur have helped the Sudanese government and diminished chances for peace.


Saving the World from the “Scourge of Warâ€

Critical Evaluation of the United Nations’ Aims in Respect to World Peace and Security (October 2007)


This paper shows that the UN’s aims could never be realized due to the realist approach to international relations by its member states. Realism views states as rational and unitary factors focusing on self-interests, national security, and balance of power, influencing countries to pursue their national interest even if this is contrary to the interests of other states and peoples . The paper argues that, without reforms, the UN may lose its relevance and end up as its predecessor, the League of Nations.


African Stagnation and Underdevelopment (July 2007)


This paper argues that African economic stagnation is the result of colonial legacies, international community’s bad policies, and the failure of African leaders after independence to organize and develop their countries. It shows that colonial policies greatly influenced the post-colonial state failures, economic policies, export/import dependencies, and lack of qualified human capital. At the same time, through greed, despotism, conflict, inability to establish rule of law and safety, and bad economic policies, African leaders destroyed their countries in the decades after independence.


Human Aggression - Predisposed or Learned? (May 2007)


This research paper gives a critical assessment of the extent to which human beings are pre-disposed towards aggression, or conditioned for aggression by their environment. It presents evidence showing that humans are not biologically or instinctively aggressive, but that aggression is something that is learned and acquired from everyday life experience.


Leaving Rwandans to Die (May 2006)


This paper argues that the Western view of Africa as a “primitive†continent where “savage†people live in huts and kill each other in “tribal†wars was one of the main reasons, apart from the lack of economic and political interest, for the international community’s deliberate indifference during the Rwandan genocide.


Complexity of Africa (February 2004)


Africa is a continent more diverse than any other on earth. There are more than 1000 languages spoken by 700 million people in 53 countries. To say that in the past, during slavery and colonization, there were just two sides, black versus white, African versus European, we have to deny the differences among African people in language, religion, geographical position, historical background, and customs.

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